Pengaruh GDP Per Kapita, dan Konsumsi Energi Terhadap Emisi CO2 di Indonesia

Main Article Content

Ikramina Salsabila Nur Amalina
Heru Wahyudi
Ukhti Ciptawaty


This study aims to analyze the effect of GDP Per Capita and Energy Consumption on Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Indonesia in the short and long term. This study uses the Error Correction Model (ECM) method. The ECM method is used to find out how the long-term and short-term influances of the variables that affect carbon dioxide emissions. In addition, this study uses time series data in the form of annual from 1992 to 2021. The results show that the variables GDP per capita and Energy Consumption have a positive and significant effect on carbon dioxide emission in the long and short term.

Article Details

How to Cite
Salsabila Nur Amalina, I., Wahyudi, H., & Ciptawaty, U. (2023). Pengaruh GDP Per Kapita, dan Konsumsi Energi Terhadap Emisi CO2 di Indonesia. Journal on Education, 6(1), 6508-6517.


Aida, N., Hermawan, E. and Ciptawaty, U. (2022) ‘The Effect of GRDP, Foreig Investment and Population Density on Environmental Quality in Java Island (2010-2019)’. doi:
Grossman, G. M. and Krueger, A. B. (1995) ‘Economic growth and the environment’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110(2). doi: 10.2307/2118443.
Gujarati, D. (2014) Dasar-dasar Ekonometrika, Dasar-dasar Ekonometrika.
Kuznets, S. (1955) ‘Economic Growth and Income Inequality. The American Economic Review’, Academy of Management Review, 45(1), pp. 1–28. Available at:
Osobajo, O. A. et al. (2020) ‘The Impact of Energy Consumption and Economic Growth on Carbon Dioxide Emissions’, 12 (9). doi:
Wahyudi, H. and Palupi, W. A. (2023) ‘What is the Short-term and Long Term Relationship between Renewable Energy and Investment in Economic Growth?’, International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 13(3), pp. 46–55. doi:
Widarjono, A. (2018) Ekonometrika: Pengantar dan Aplikasinya, Edisi Keempat, UPP STIM YKPN.
WMO (2018) WMO Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2017, World Meteorological Organization. Available at:
WMO (2021) State of Global Climate 2021: Extreme Events and Major Impacts.
WRI (2016) Menginterpretrasikan INDC: Menilai Transparansi Target Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca Pasca-2020 dari 8 Negara Penyumbang Emisi Terbesar.
Zhang, J. (2021) ‘Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis on CO2 Emissions: Evidence for China’, Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 14(3). doi: 10.3390/jrfm14030093.

Most read articles by the same author(s)