Analisis Model Kepemimpinan Jalur Tujuan (Path Goals) Kajian Kepemimpinan Dalam Lembaga Pendidikan

Main Article Content

Sarta Sarta
Anis Zohriah
Anis Fauzi


This study aims to analyze the path goal leadership style in educational institutions. Path Goal Theory is a leadership theory that explains how the behavior of leaders will influence how employees perceive the path between their efforts and goals. Like other situational theories, path goal theory also says that leaders will be successful if they are able to adapt their behavior to the situations they face. For example, directive leadership will be suitable if employees lack experience and knowledge about work, and if work is unstructured and complex. The idea of ​​this theory is that motivation plays an important role in how supervisors and subordinates interact and, based on that interaction, success can be achieved. Path-goal theory presents two basic propositions. First, one of the strategic functions of the leader is to improve the psychological state of subordinates which results in motivation to perform or satisfaction with work. In other words, leaders need to become aware of the necessary steps to in turn increase the intrinsic motivation of subordinates. Second, it asserts that certain situational leader behaviors will achieve a motivational function. Path-goal theory recognizes four leadership behaviors to increase subordinate motivation. The four path-goal leadership styles that serve to provide structure and reward to subordinates are directive, supportive, participative, and achievement-oriented.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sarta, S., Zohriah, A., & Fauzi, A. (2023). Analisis Model Kepemimpinan Jalur Tujuan (Path Goals) Kajian Kepemimpinan Dalam Lembaga Pendidikan. Journal on Education, 6(1), 2508-2514.


Amalia, Puty Reta. 2022. Hubungan Antara Gaya Kepemimpinan Path-Goal dan Intensi Turnover pada PT Bank BNI Syariah Kantor Pusat Jakarta. Skripsi: Universita Indonesia, Depok.
Felix Anthony dan Marcus Remiasa (2019). ANALISIS GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN SITUASIONAL PT FUTUREFOOD WAHANA INDUSTRI. Program Manajemen Bisnis, Program Studi Manajemen, Universitas Kristen Petra Jl. Siwalankerto 121-131, Surabaya AGORA: Volume 7. No : 1
Vandayani, P. (2015). The impact of national culture on effectiveness of situational leadership HerseyBlanchard, International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 4(7), 78±82. Retrieved from 2015/TheImpact-Of-National-Culture-On-Effectiveness-OfSituational-Lead ership-Hersey-Blanchard.pdf
Azizah, Siti, Nur ( 2021) Gaya Kepemimpinan Path Goal Theory Dan Produktivitas Pamong Desa. Jurnal E-Bis (Ekonomi-Bisnis) Vol.5 No.1 (2021) pp. 100-114.
Robbins, S., dan Judge, T. 2015. Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.
Alves,J.C.,Lovelace,K.,Manz,C.,Matsypura,D.,Toyasaki,F.& K . Ke. (2018).Across- cultural perspective of self-leadership.Journal of ManagerialPsychology,21,338-59.
Asamani, James Avoka, Florence Naab, Addelaide M. A. Ofei, dan Addo, Rebecca. (2016). “Do Leadership Style Influence Productivity?” British Journal of Healthcare Management, Vol. 22, No. 2
Dickson,M.W.,DenHartog,D.N.and Mitchelson, J. K. (2020).Research on leadership in a cross-cultural context: making progress,andraising new questions, Leadership Quarterly,14,729-68.
Mahyuddin K. M. Nasution, “Penelahaan Liiteratur”, Jurnal Teknik Penulisan Karya Ilmiah, Vol. 3 (2017): 3
Firdaus, D., Khairunnisa, K., Zohriah, A., & Fauzi, A. (2023). Analisis Model Kepemimpinan Kharismatik dan Visioner di Pondok Pesantren. Journal on Education, 5(4), 15038-15049.
Dasgupta, P. R. (2018). Volatility of Workload on Employee Performance and Significanceof Motivation: IT Sector. Science Journal of Business and Management, 1(1), 1–7
Hofstede, G. (2015). Culture’s Consequences : International Differences in Work Related Values,Sage, BeverlyHills,CA.
Hofstede,G. (2016). Intercultural Co-operationin Organization. Management Decision, 20(5), 53-67
Hofstede,G. (2017).Culture’s Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions, and Organizations Across Nations, 2 ndedition,Sage Publications,Thousand Oaks,CA.
Hofstede,G.dan Hofstede, G.J. (2005). Culturesand Organizations: Software of the Mind, Mc GrawHill, NewYork, NY.
House, R.J. (2017). A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly,16,321-328.
House, R. J. (2016). Path-Goal theory of leadership: Lessons, legacy and aReformulated
Gill,R. (2019).Cross-cultural Comparisonof the Leadership Styles and Behavio rof Managers intheUK,USAandSoutheastAsia.AsianAcademyofManagement,3,.21-34.
Jaroslav, Belas. (2019).The Leadership Styleand the Productiveness of Employees in the Banking Sectorin Slovakia. Journal of Competitiveness Vol. 5, Issue 1 pp. 39-52 Northouse, P.G. 2022. Leadership: Theory and practice. 6 th ed. Sage, London
Seodarmayanti.2020. Tata Cara Kerja dan Produktivitas Kerja. Mandar Maju. Jakarta.

Most read articles by the same author(s)