Analysing the Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education, Self-Efficacy, and Entrepreneurial Performance

Main Article Content

Itot Bian Raharjo
Abu Muna Almaududi Ausat
Andriya Risdwiyanto
Sivy Sondari Gadzali
Hizbul Khootimah Azzaakiyyah


Entrepreneurship education has been proven to improve knowledge, competencies, attitudes, and most importantly, self-efficacy. An entrepreneur's self-efficacy is allegedly able to create superior entrepreneurial performance. This study is designed to examine the relationship between entrepreneurship education in terms of entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial performance. This research is qualitative in nature. Data analysis entails listening to and documenting relevant information, then summarizing and drawing conclusions based on the results. The relationship between entrepreneurship education and self-efficacy is interrelated. These two dimensions are important capital in creating good entrepreneurial performance, which is certainly the performance expected by many parties, especially those who do it. Entrepreneurship education is indeed a knowledge base that individuals must have before stepping into a real entrepreneurial career. Without business knowledge, individuals will be overwhelmed when faced with various business problems as entrepreneurs. It is hoped that the findings of this research will serve as a point of reference for future conversations on related subjects. In addition, it can be a formal discussion material in higher education, especially entrepreneurship, management, and business administration study programmes.

Article Details

How to Cite
Raharjo, I., Ausat, A., Risdwiyanto, A., Gadzali, S., & Azzaakiyyah, H. (2023). Analysing the Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education, Self-Efficacy, and Entrepreneurial Performance. Journal on Education, 5(4), 11566- 11574.


Ahmed, T., Chandran, V. G. R., Klobas, J. E., Liñán, F., & Kokkalis, P. (2020). Entrepreneurship education programmes: How learning, inspiration and resources affect intentions for new venture creation in a developing economy. The International Journal of Management Education, 18(1), 100327.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211.
Ausat, A. M. A., & Suherlan, S. (2021). Obstacles and Solutions of MSMEs in Electronic Commerce during Covid-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Indonesia. BASKARA: Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 4(1), 11–19.
Azzaakiyyah, H. K. (2023). An Entrepreneur’s Character from Professor Musa Asy’arie’s Perspective. Apollo - Journal of Tourism and Business, 1(1), 6–13.
Bae, T. J., Qian, S., Miao, C., & Fiet, J. O. (2014). The Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Meta–Analytic Review. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38(2), 217–254.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84(2), 191–215.
Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122–147.
Barakat, S., Boddington, M., & Vyakarnam, S. (2014). Measuring entrepreneurial self-efficacy to understand the impact of creative activities for learning innovation. The International Journal of Management Education, 12(3), 456–468.
BarNir, A., Watson, W. E., & Hutchins, H. M. (2011). Mediation and Moderated Mediation in the Relationship Among Role Models, Self-Efficacy, Entrepreneurial Career Intention, and Gender. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(2), 270–297.
Chang, S.-H., Shu, Y., Wang, C.-L., Chen, M.-Y., & Ho, W.-S. (2020). Cyber-entrepreneurship as an innovative orientation: Does positive thinking moderate the relationship between cyber-entrepreneurial self-efficacy and cyber-entrepreneurial intentions in Non-IT students? Computers in Human Behavior, 107, 105975.
Chen, C. C., Greene, P. G., & Crick, A. (1998). Does entrepreneurial self-efficacy distinguish entrepreneurs from managers? Journal of Business Venturing, 13(4), 295–316.
Dharmanegara, I. B. A., Rahmayanti, P. L. D., & Yasa, N. N. K. (2022). The Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy in Mediating the Effect of Entrepreneurship Education and Financial Support on Entrepreneurial Behavior. International Journal of Social Science and Business, 6(2), 165–173.
Diandra, D., & Azmy, A. (2021). How Multidimensional Approach of Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) Effect Firm Performance: A Critical Review. Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis, 12(1), 30–40.
Diawati, P., Ausat, A. M. A., & Augustin, J. (2023). Creativity: How to Develop an Entrepreneurial Attitude of Creativity. Journal on Education, 5(4), 11116–11122.
Drnovšek, M., Wincent, J., & Cardon, M. S. (2010). Entrepreneurial self‐efficacy and business start‐up: developing a multi‐dimensional definition. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 16(4), 329–348.
Dwi Lestari, E., Rizkalla, N., & Purnamaningsih, P. (2022). The Effect of Perceived University Support, Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Proactive Personality in Promoting Student Entrepreneurial Intention in Indonesia. Journal of Management and Business Education, 5(2), 169–197.
Fayolle, A., & Klandt, H. (2006). Issues and Newness in the Field of Entrepreneurship Education: New Lenses for New Practical and Academic Questions. In International Entrepreneurship Education (1st ed., p. 1). Edward Elgar Publishing.
Gadzali, S. S., Harahap, M. A. K., Tarigan, I. M., Nasution, A. A., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). Women’s Entrepreneurship: An Examination of Government Support and the Role of Knowledge Skills. Community Development Journal: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 4(1), 713–717.
Hopp, C., & Stephan, U. (2012). The influence of socio-cultural environments on the performance of nascent entrepreneurs: Community culture, motivation, self-efficacy and start-up success. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 24(9–10), 917–945.
Komarraju, M., & Nadler, D. (2013). Self-efficacy and academic achievement: Why do implicit beliefs, goals, and effort regulation matter? Learning and Individual Differences, 25, 67–72.
Lackéus, M. (2014). An emotion based approach to assessing entrepreneurial education. The International Journal of Management Education, 12(3), 374–396.
Liñán, F., Rodríguez-Cohard, J. C., & Rueda-Cantuche, J. M. (2011). Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels: a role for education. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7(2), 195–218.
Liu, M., Gorgievski, M. J., Zwaga, J., & Paas, F. (2023). How entrepreneurship program characteristics foster students’ study engagement and entrepreneurial career intentions: A longitudinal study. Learning and Individual Differences, 101(102249), 1–10.
Liu, X., Lin, C., Zhao, G., & Zhao, D. (2019). Research on the Effects of Entrepreneurial Education and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1–9.
Morris, M., Schindehutte, M., & Allen, J. (2005). The entrepreneur’s business model: toward a unified perspective. Journal of Business Research, 58(6), 726–735.
Mutar, Q. M., Mohammad, H. M., & Hmmud, S. H. (2020). Academic Achievement and Its Relation with Self-Efficacy and Academic Adjustment in EFL Class. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(5), 1–13.
Newman, A., Obschonka, M., Schwarz, S., Cohen, M., & Nielsen, I. (2019). Entrepreneurial self-efficacy: A systematic review of the literature on its theoretical foundations, measurement, antecedents, and outcomes, and an agenda for future research. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 110, 403–419.
Oyugi, J. L. (2015). The Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship Between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions of University Students. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation, 11(2), 31–56.
Rembulan, G. D., Tannady, H., al Haddar, G., Ausat, A. M. A., & Pratiwi, E. Y. R. (2023). Entrepreneurs Preference in Choosing Payment Method. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kewirausahaan, 11(2), 415–423.
Saeed, S., Yousafzai, S. Y., Yani-De-Soriano, M., & Muffatto, M. (2015). The Role of Perceived University Support in the Formation of Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(4), 1127–1145.
Shi, Y., Yuan, T., Bell, R., & Wang, J. (2020). Investigating the Relationship Between Creativity and Entrepreneurial Intention: The Moderating Role of Creativity in the Theory of Planned Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(May), 1209.
Tumasjan, A., & Braun, R. (2012). In the eye of the beholder: How regulatory focus and self-efficacy interact in influencing opportunity recognition. Journal of Business Venturing, 27(6), 622–636.
Tunio, M. N., Jariko, M. A., Børsen, T., Shaikh, S., Mushtaque, T., & Brahmi, M. (2021). How Entrepreneurship Sustains Barriers in the Entrepreneurial Process—A Lesson from a Developing Nation. Sustainability, 13(20), 11419.
Walter, S. G., & Block, J. H. (2016). Outcomes of entrepreneurship education: An institutional perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(2), 216–233.
Walter, S. G., Parboteeah, K. P., & Walter, A. (2013). University Departments and Self–Employment Intentions of Business Students: A Cross–Level Analysis. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37(2), 175–200.
Wang, Y.-S., Tseng, T. H., Wang, Y.-M., & Chu, C.-W. (2019). Development and validation of an internet entrepreneurial self-efficacy scale. Internet Research, 30(2), 653–675.
Wood, R., & Bandura, A. (1989). Social Cognitive Theory of Organizational Management. The Academy of Management Review, 14(3), 361.
Yeh, C.-H., Lin, H.-H., Wang, Y.-M., Wang, Y.-S., & Lo, C.-W. (2021). Investigating the relationships between entrepreneurial education and self-efficacy and performance in the context of internet entrepreneurship. The International Journal of Management Education, 19(3), 100565.
Zen, A., Kusumastuti, R., Metris, D., Gadzali, S. S., & Ausat, A. M. A. (2023). Implications of Entrepreneurship Education as a Field of Study for Advancing Research and Practice. Journal on Education, 5(4), 11441–11453.
Zhao, H., & Seibert, S. E. (2006). The Big Five personality dimensions and entrepreneurial status: A meta-analytical review. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(2), 259–271.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>